Visiting Brontë Country

Even though the Brontë sisters father was from Ireland and their mother was from Cornwall they have become synomynous with the West Yorkshire Moors. From the comfort of Moorlodge Country Retreat you can explore all round the moors made famous in Wuthering Heights. We are situated within easy reach of their birthplace in Thornton and subsequent home at the Parsonage in Haworth. The Parsonage is now a museum run by the Brontë Society, their excellent website will give you all the information you can absorb.

A Brief History of the Brontë Sisters

Painting of the Bronte Sisters with Branwell painted outCharlotte, Emily and Anne Brontë were sisters and writers who lived in Haworth whose literary works have become classics.

Charlotte was born on 21 April 1816, Emily on 30 July 1818 and Anne on 17 January 1820 all in Thornton Yorkshire. They had two sisters, both of whom died in childhood and a brother, Branwell. Their father, Patrick, was an Anglican clergyman who was appointed as the rector of the village of Haworth. After the death of their mother in 1821, their Aunt Elizabeth came to look after the family.

All three sisters attended different schools at various times as well as being taught at home. The Brontë children were often left alone together in their isolated home and all began to write stories at an early age. They were employed at various times as teachers and governesses. In 1842, Charlotte and Emily went to Brussels to improve their French, but returned home early after the death of their Aunt Elizabeth. Charlotte returned to Brussels as an English teacher in 1843-1844. By 1845, the family were back together at Haworth.

In May 1846, the sisters published a volume of poetry. This was the first use of their pseudonyms Currer (Charlotte), Ellis (Emily) and Acton (Anne) Bell. They all went on to publish novels, with differing levels of success. Anne’s ‘Agnes Grey’ and Charlotte’s ‘Jane Eyre’ were published in 1847. ‘Jane Eyre’ was one of the year’s best sellers. Anne’s second novel, ‘The Tenant of Wildfell Hall’ and Emily’s ‘Wuthering Heights’ were both published in 1848. ‘The Tenant’ sold well, but ‘Wuthering Heights’ did not. Branwell died of tuberculosis in September 1848. Emily died of the same disease on 19 December 1848 and Anne on 28 May 1849. Left alone with her father, Charlotte continued to write. She was by now a well-known author and visited London a number of times. ‘Shirley’ was published in 1849 and ‘Villette’ in 1853. In 1854, Charlotte married her father’s curate, Arthur Nicholls. She died of tuberculosis on 31 March 1855.